Deep Coordinated Textual and Visual Network for Sentiment-oriented Cross-modal Retrieval


Cross-modal retrieval has attracted more and more attention recently, which enables people to retrieve desired information efficiently from a large amount of multimedia data. Most methods on cross-modal retrieval only focus on aligning the objects in image and text, while sentiment alignment is also essential for facilitating various applications, e.g., entertainment, advertisement, etc. This paper studies the problem of retrieving visual sentiment concepts with a goal to extract sentiment-oriented information from social multimedia content, i.e., sentiment oriented cross-media retrieval. Such problem is inherently challenging due to the subjective and ambiguity characteristics of the adjectives like “sad” and “awesome”. Thus, we focus on modeling visual sentiment concepts with adjective-noun pairs, e.g., ”sad dog” and ”awesome flower”, where associating adjectives with concrete objects makes the concepts more tractable. This paper proposes a deep coordinated textural and visual network with two branches to learn a joint semantic embedding space for both images and texts. The visual branch is based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) pre-trained on a large dataset, which is optimized with the classification loss. The textual branch is added on the fully-connected layer providing supervision of the textual semantic space. In order to learn the coordinated representation for different modalities, the multi-task loss function is optimized during the end-to-end training process. We have conducted extensive experiments on a subset of the large-scale VSO dataset.The results show that the proposed model is able to retrieval sentiment-oriented data, which performs favorably against the state-of-the-art methods.

Springer Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence